When selecting a dosage form, various factors, including as stability during storage, conformity with its intended use, ease of use, speed of action, simplicity and speed of preparation, dose accuracy of the medicinal substances contained within it, cost, and so on, are taken into consideration. Because of this, the selection of the appropriate dose form ought to be given a great deal of weight.
The classification of existing dosage forms that is most commonly used is the classification that is based on the state of aggregation. There are now various categories of existing dosage forms. Solid (dry), soft, liquid, and gaseous dose forms can be differentiated from one another based on their respective states of aggregation.
3 Types Of Dosage Forms You Must Know As A Pet Owner
Solid Dosage Forms
Solid dose forms include boluses, briquettes, granules, pills, dust, capsules, pills, plasters, powders, fees, tablets.
The dog needs to be sat, its head needs to be raised, and its mouth needs to be opened with both hands before a tablet (bolus, granule, dragee, capsule, or pill) can be administered to the animal. Clamping the pill between the thumb and index finger, it is then placed as close to the base of the tongue as is comfortably possible. After that, the animal’s mouth is permitted to be closed, and it is instructed to swallow the tablet.
Tweezers and forceps can be used to administer tablets to small animals like cats.
- Powder (pulveris)
- Powder (aspersionis)
- Tablet (tabulettae)
- Capsule (capsulae)
- Pill (pilulae)
- Bolus (boli)
- Briquette (briketi)
- Granule (granulae)
- Collection (speciei)
- Plaster (emplastri)
Other Solid Dosage Forms
In contemporary clinical settings, the majority of solid dosage forms that are utilized include tablets, powders, dragees, granules, and pills. Other types of solid dosage forms are utilized in somewhat infrequent fashion. Lozenges and caramels are included in this category.
- Lozenge, or troche (trochiscius)
Soft Dosage Forms
Ointments, cereals, pastes, liniments, and suppositories are examples of dose forms that are considered soft.
It is necessary to press the dog’s head to itself, spread the eyelids with your fingers, and squeeze the ointment out of the tube (or drip the drops) without touching the animal’s eye in order to inject the drug into the eyes of the animal in the form of an ointment, paste, or eye drops. This can be done by pressing the dog’s head to itself.
It is necessary to press the dog’s head to itself, raise the auricle, and squeeze the ointment out of the tube (drip drops) into the widest canal in order to administer the medication to the animal’s ears in the form of an ointment, paste, or ear drops. This procedure must be performed in order to inject the drug into the ears of the animal. The animal’s head is then allowed to drop, and a hand massage is administered to the area at the base of the auricle.
- Ointment (unguenti)
- Characteristics of ointment bases
- Pasta (pastae)
- Suppositories (suppositorii)
Liquid Dosage Forms
The various types of liquid medicines, such as solutions, medicines, suspensions, emulsions, infusions, decoctions, mucus, tinctures, extracts, aromatic waters, and syrups, are all classified as liquid dosage forms.
To give an animal liquid medications (such as a mixture, infusion, tincture, decoction, solution, syrup, mucus, suspension, extract, or emulsion), you can use a spoon, a baby enema, or a syringe that does not include a needle. These medications are taken by the animal through its mouth. The animal needs to be seated, its head needs to be lifted up (but the mouth can’t be forced open), the cheek needs to be pulled back, and the liquid medicine needs to be poured into the corner of the mouth. Only then may an animal receive an injection of a liquid drug through the mouth. The head is allowed to be removed as soon as the animal has finished taking the medication.
- Solution (solutionis)
- Non-sterile solutions
- Preparation of non-sterile solutions
- Sterile solutions (solutions for injection)
- Preparation of sterile solutions
- Preparation of mixtures for the treatment of cats
- Suspension (suspensionis)
- Emulsion (emulsi)
- Infusion (infusi) and decoction (decocti)
- Preparation of infusions and decoctions for the treatment of cats
- Mucus (vucilaginis)
- Tincture (tincturae)
- Extract (extracti)
- Medicinal liquid (liquoris)
- Syrup (sirupi)
- Soaps (saponis)
- Baths (Balnea)
- Enemas (Clysma seu Enema)
- Aerosols (Aerosolum)
Basic Knowledge About Animal Pharmacology
The many types of dosage, the production process, and the routes of delivery into the body of an animal all need to be considered.
The study of pharmacology has led to the development of a number of specialized terminology that can be used to describe diverse pharmaceutical compounds.
Any substance of plant, animal, or mineral origin that, when delivered into the body in proper quantities, has the potential to have either a curative or preventative impact and is referred to as a medicinal substance is known as a material substrate.
Materials of various origins that are used to obtain other substances in the medical field that are suitable in chemical and physical properties for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes or for research in pharmacology are referred to as medicinal raw materials. These materials can be used to make medicines.
A pharmaceutically processed version of a medical substance, also known as a dosage form, designed to make the drug more user-friendly and efficient in its intended application.
A medicinal product is a medicinal substance (or substances) in a specific dose form that has been given a reasonable name and been approved for industrial production, clinical testing, or practical usage. Medicinal products can be used to treat or prevent a variety of medical conditions. Not only is it possible to provide the same medical ingredient to the same animal in a variety of different methods, but also in a variety of distinct forms.
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