Dachshund (Smooth-Haired) Dog
Long-bodied, short-legged dogs have been known since the days of Ancient Egypt, and remains of dogs of a similar type to the Dachshund have been found in several Romano-Germanic settlements. Nevertheless, it is impossible to claim an unbroken line of descent.
It is the 19th century before dachshunds became known outside Germany where they were used for badger digging or hunting in packs. During the 1914-18 War there was a senseless antipathy to the breed followed by a rush into popularity immediately afterward.
As companions, Dachshunds prove loyal to their owners and possess a bark suggestive of a larger dog. Their elongated body shape, which has led to them being nicknamed ‘sausage dogs’, has made them susceptible to intervertebral disc problems, particularly if they are overweight. As a precaution against disc injuries, take pains to discourage these dogs from running up the stairs or jumping up onto furniture.
- Height 5-9 in (12.5-23 cm)
- Weight 18 lb (8.2 kg)
- Coat/type/color Coat sort and smooth. Any colour except white acceptable, including dapple. Long, low, muscular body with prominent breast-bone. The fore-legs incline slightly inward and the front feet are full and broad and may incline slightly outward.
Vastgota Spitz Dog
This Swedish herding dog is probably of ancient descent. It has been used for centuries as a drover of cattle in Sweden, and although once nearly extinct has lately been revived.
The best specimens have been found in Västgötland and Halland, neighboring cattle-rearing provinces in southwest Sweden, where today breeding from selected dogs is taking place.
Officially recognized in 1942 it is now attracting attention in Scandinavia. The Vallhund and the Welsh Corgi are distantly related. The breed is rarely seen in this country.
- Height 14-15 in (35.5-38 cm)
- Weight 21 –25 lb (9.5-11.3 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat short and harsh. Color usually grey with dark mask, ears, and saddle, though some are light red. Ears erect and sharp-pointed. Tail generally a mere stump.
Basset Fauve de Bretagne Dog
Little is known of the origin of the Basset Hound, but it is generally accepted that its place of origin was the Artois Department of France. The finest specimens for some time, however, have reached us from the Vendee district, where the more popular of the two smooth-coated strains are bred. In Britain, the Couteulx strain has been mostly adopted, for the Lane type (light in bone, lemon-and-white, and rather a plain dog) has never found favor; neither has the rough-coated variety. First imported to Great Britain in 1866 by Lord Galway, the Basset was recognized by the Kennel Club in 1883. Now very popular.
The term ‘Basset’ first appears in a book on hunting that was published in 1585 in France. Various different breeds of Basset were developed here, and the term itself appears to have come from the French word ‘bas’, meaning ‘low’. All Bassets are short-legged dogs, being bred initially from taller hounds. The Basset Hound itself is of relatively recent origin, derived from crosses involving the Basset Artesian Normand and the Bloodhound. Here the breed has been used to hunt rabbits, but in the United States, it has been pitted against a wide range of game, including opossums.
As pack animals, Basset Hounds tend to be greedy by nature, and particular care needs to be taken with pet Bassets, to ensure that they do not become overweight. Regular walks are particularly vital with this breed. Typical Basset colors are lemon and white or a tri-colored combination of black, white, and tan.
Especially in the countryside, Basset Hounds will often set off in pursuit, regardless of their owner’s instructions, if they pick up a scent. Like other hounds, they can be stubborn and relatively difficult to train, but Bassets are generally good-natured and make lively companions, their loud, baritone bark carrying over a considerable distance. They do not suffer any inconvenience from their shortened legs, although it is probably best to choose the puppy with the straightest legs in the litter.
- Height 13-15 in (33-38 cm)
- Weight 40-51 lb (18.2-23.2 kg)
- Coat type/colour The coat is smooth and the skin very loose. Any recognised hound colour is acceptable. The head and acceptable velvety ears have a resemblance to those of the Bloodhound; body muscular and of fair length; tail sickle-shaped.
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