Like humans, a cat needs a balanced diet to be rich in fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and carbohydrates.
Lack of nutrition can lead to various diseases of the cat. It is necessary to monitor, not only for the lack of food in cats, but also for the surplus. It should be borne in mind that pedigree indoor cats are more scrupulous in their choice of food than ordinary domestic cats, which are kept in freedom, for example, in a private house in the city or in the countryside.
For all animals, food is the source of their physical energy. Food is necessary not only for the formation of the skeleton, but also for the growth of the animal and the change of the coat. If it is a pregnant cat, then food is the basis of nutrition for the growing fetus, if it is a lactating cat, then food is a source that contributes to the formation of milk.
7 Types Of Necessary Nutrition Needed In Cat Food
Fats are a source of energy, carriers of fat-soluble vitamins. Excess fat can seriously harm animals. With all this, the fat content of the dog’s diet should be significantly lower than that of the cat’s diet.
Young cats that get enough fat develop and grow much faster than those that are deficient.
Proteins (proteins) are vital compounds that are used by the body for normal functioning and growth. In the case of a shortage or absence of proteins, other nutrients will not be able or will be poorly absorbed in the body. Hence proteins are an important energetic material. Proteins can differ from each other, it all depends on which amino acids are included in their composition, as well as in what ratio.
Foods such as milk, fish, chicken eggs, soybeans, meat and yeast are high in amino acids. For a cat, the most essential is animal protein, which is found in beef, fish, poultry, cheese, cottage cheese, eggs.
Minerals and trace elements . are essential for cats for health and normal development. For example, a mineral such as calcium is necessary for an animal to form bones, it is found in yogurt, cottage cheese, milk and cheese. For the formation of the skeleton and other tissues, phosphorus is needed; it is found in bones, meat, black bread, and oatmeal. The correct ratio of calcium and phosphorus in the animal’s diet must be kept.
Vitamins – these substances are necessary for the normal development of the cat’s body.
Vitamin A (retinol). Unlike dogs, cats have a great need for vitamin A. Lack of this vitamin can cause not only growth retardation of the animal but also dry mucous membranes, dry skin, blurred vision, inflammation. Contains vitamin A in eggs, butter, milk, liver. It can also cause a painful condition – an excess of this vitamin.
B vitamins (pyridoxine, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, cobalamin, pantothenic acid). Cats especially have a need for vitamins of group B. If this vitamin enters the body in insufficient quantities, disorders of the liver, nervous system, disruption of normal development and growth, and eczema may occur. B vitamins are found in liver, pork, oatmeal, black bread, yeast.
With wools. This vitamin performs a protective function in the body of all living beings. Usually, the cat’s body itself produces it in the right amount, therefore there is no need to give it to the animals additionally.
Vitamin H. Vitamin of this group has a protective anti-infectious effect. In case of its deficiency, inflammation of the mucous membranes and skin may occur. This vitamin is found in kidneys, liver, egg yolk, yeast.
Vitamin the F. In vegetable and animal fats, its normal content.
Vitamin K. Has an effect on blood clotting. This vitamin is found in the liver, vegetables, and fruits. With the help of bacteria in their bodies, cats partially synthesize it.
Group vitamins. This vitamin is involved in the formation of the skeleton of the animal (sometimes they are called antirachitic). Vitamin D can be found in fish oil, sea fish, liver.
Vitamin E (tocopherol). This vitamin is also important for the body, a deficiency of this vitamin can lead to sterility (resorption of embryos and sperm immobility), as well as muscular dystrophy. You can find it in vegetable oils, spinach, and salad.
Carbohydrates are substances that are a source of energy. The most important substances are sugar, starch, glycogen. They are found not only in flour products but also in rice, baked goods, oatmeal, and even vegetables.
With an excess of carbohydrates in the diet of a cat, they gradually begin to gain weight, which has a bad effect on the health of the animal.
Water. In a cat, the water requirement is approximately 60 ml per kilogram of body weight. The animal receives water not only in pure form but also with food. Among other things, water is a by-product of metabolism, especially fat. A cat can do without drinking if liquid food is constantly present in its diet. If a cat lives on semi-dry or dry food, then on the one hand it is very beneficial for the health of its teeth, and clean water is needed. Each cat has its own individual fluid requirement. This can be influenced by many factors, such as the cat’s mobility, ambient and body temperature, diarrhea, or vomiting. In case of a lack of water in the cat’s body, urolithiasis can develop.
Milk And Dairy Products
Milk and dairy products. In contrast to cow’s milk, cat milk is high in protein and fat. In addition, some cats do not drink cow’s milk, as it can cause them diarrhea.
The question arises, what to do if the mother of the kittens for some reason cannot feed them herself, and you have to feed them? There are several ways out of this situation. First, it is necessary to use only boiled cow’s milk, with the following concentration: 1/2 milk, 1/2 water. The second is breast milk, also in one to two ratios. The third is to use one of the types of milk replacers that you can buy at the store.
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