Most Fancy Chestnut Horse Breeds


Budyonovsky Horse Breed

Horses of the Budyonovsky breed are bred in studs in the Rostov region of Russia and have been developed by crossing Don horses with Thoroughbreds. The result is a horse of exceptionally good confirmation, with a fine front, good limbs, strong top and well-developed quarters, and good hind legs. It is claimed to have considerable speed and has a notable record in steeplechases, Olympic trials, and show jumping generally. The average height is about 16 hands. The color is generally chestnut or bay, and in each can often be found the beautiful golden shading.

Jutland Horse Breed

Denmark possesses favorable conditions for the breeding and rearing of horses. The situation of the country, surrounded by the sea on all sides, makes the climate comparatively mild and the rainfall is generally sufficiently regular to secure good crops. The condition of the soil varies greatly from one part of the country to the other, but almost everywhere there are large or small plains with valleys along rivulets and brooks, where the animals can graze the whole summer under healthy and free conditions.

As the name suggests the horse originated in Jutland, where it is still the horse most commonly in use. From that part of the country it came to the Danish islands at a very early date and the race can be traced back to the Jutland farm horse. Through skillful and consistent selection this horse has been improved to the present high level it now holds. A single stallion, which was imported from England just at the time when crossbreeding was abandoned, became of great importance to the development of the breed. This stallion became the ancestor to some of the best stallion lines, within which were ‘Aldup Munkedal’, ‘Hevding’, ‘Fjandbo’, ‘Skjalden’, ‘Lune Dux’, ‘Hof’ and ‘Himmerland Eg’.

The Jutland, which has an excellent temperament, is primarily an agricultural horse and is of medium size. The body is of good width; legs are massive with soft, smooth hair. It is generally chestnut in color but there are also brown, bay, roan, black and grey Jutland.

Although the primary object in the breeding has been to develop a good agricultural horse, Jutland has proved to be as well suited for work in the towns.

Gidran and Nonius Horse Breed

A Hungarian breed, the Gidran, larger than the Shagya, was formed by crossing native mares with English Thoroughbred and English half-bred stallions. The Gidran is a big saddle horse, standing about 16 hands, with a beautiful characteristic head and good conformation, and is usually chestnut or brown in color. It has a great capacity for galloping and is a comfortable and good-looking cavalry horse. Its breeding is very popular not only in Hungary but also in other countries. In Poland in particular, Prince Sanguszko’s stud at Gumniska produced a very useful horse, deep in the body with typical conformation.

Better known, perhaps, than the Gidran, is the Hungarian breed Nonius, which owes its name to the Anglo-Norman stallion of that name. This horse was used as a sire with great success and is considered the founder of the breed. There are two well-recognized types of this breed: the Large Nonius and the Small Nonius. The first type is a rather massive, big-boned animal, standing very often 17 hands, while the Small Nonius s much lighter in type and general appearance and stands about 15.3 hands.

Both of these varieties, however, are not genetically bred as such, but they come out in breeding; one may, indeed, have Large and Small Nonius sometimes from the same mare. The Nonius has a very quiet disposition, excellent action, and makes a very good horse for both agricultural and military purposes; the Large Nonius makes a good horse-artillery wheeler. It is recognized as a drawback to this breed that they are not hard enough. Their usual color is dark bay.

Suffolk Horse Breed

One outstanding characteristic of the Suffolk Horse, which is also known as the Suffolk Punch, is that it is always chestnut in colour. No other colour is seen, and if it were, would not be tolerated. Furthermore, it shares distinctiveness with the British Percheron of being the only clean-legged British draught horse. It is indigenous to the county of Suffolk, and according to Camden’s ‘Britannia’, the Suffolk Horse dates back to 1506. A curious feature in connection with this breed is that every specimen of the breed now in existence traces its descent in the direct male line in an unbroken chain to a horse foaled in 1760.

It is unnecessary to point out that the Suffolk has varied since those early days by the infusion of blood from certain strains possessed of a finer forehand, greater activity and perhaps a more elegant conformation. All this has produced what is now a very handsome horse with a fine record of performance, for the Suffolk will work well as a two-year-old and go on until it is in the mid-twenties, and withal it is a very economical horse to keep, doing well on little and poor feed at that. It should be mentioned that, with rare exceptions, it is very docile.

In height it stands about 16 hands, and, unlike the Clydesdale, it should have great width in the front and in the quarters. Another feature of the horse is its short legs and consequent low draught, giving a great direct pull on its vehicle. Its great body is a feature, and the horse is possessed of a round and friendly yet impressive appearance that is very marked. The fact that it can, if asked, trot in a way that can hardly be expected of the Shires and Clydesdales, is claimed in its favour. Old records in the form of advertisements show that many matches were held in pulling contests in the County of Suffolk, which would seem to show that the great strength of the Suffolk, even in those days, was well recognised.

Much has been said and written in years past of the supposed unsoundness of the feet of the Suffolk, and it is generally accepted that there was then the real foundation for this. It can be stated, however, that it is many years since breeders have had to consider this real defect, and the Suffolk is now a sound-footed animal.

Description: Colour, chestnut, a star or a little white in the face is no detriment. Head, big, with a broad forehead.

Neck, deep in collar, tapering gracefully towards the setting of the head. Shoulders, long and muscular, well thrown back at wither. Body, deep, round ribbed from shoulder to flank, with a graceful outline in back, loin and hindquarters; wide in front and behind; the tail well up with good second thighs. Feet, joints and legs: the legs should be straight with fair sloping pasterns, big knees and long clean hocks on short cannon bones free from coarse hair. Elbows turned in regarded as a serious defect. Feet having plenty of size with circular form protecting the frog. Walk and trot, smart and true, with well-balanced and good action.

With so admirable a foundation it is not surprising that efforts have been made by many to cross the Suffolk with Thoroughbreds and Arabs in the endeavour to evolve heavyweight hunters and cobs. These attempts in general have met with varying success, as must always be the case where violent admixture of hot and cold blood is used as a first cross. Nonetheless, many good specimens have been produced which have from time to time evoked great enthusiasm. Crossbreeding of this nature, however, must always carry with it an abnormal degree of chance.

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