Norwegian Buhund Dog
This is your big fluffy dog with a curly tail. In his native country, the Norwegian Buhund is primarily a farm dog and is certainly akin to the Welsh Corgis. These dogs have all the attributes of the Spitz family with upstanding ears and a tail that curls over the back. This most intelligent breed first appeared in England in 1946 and although still uncommon it is supported by an increasingly large band of admirers. Dogs exhibited in this country are judged by the same standards as those in their native Norway where they are highly esteemed.
- Height approx. 18 in (45.5 cm)
- Coat type/color The double coat has long harsh top hair with a soft woolly undercoat, longer on the neck and body than the head and limbs. The skull is lean, light, and wedge-shaped, being the broadest between the ears.
Finnish Spitz Dog
Acknowledged as the national dog of Finland, the Finnish Spitz shows the unmistakable characteristics of this northern group of dogs. Its alert demeanor, with pricked ears and the curly tail that extends forward over the back, reflects a breed that has evolved to flush game birds such as the capercaillie from cover for waiting guns.
Its tracking skills have also been used to pursue bear and elk. The appearance of the Finnish Spitz, in terms of an official standard, was first established back in 1812. The breed was introduced into England in 1927 by Sir Edward Chichester. The breed is now well established in this country where its courage and fidelity and intelligent appearance have made it many friends.
Only quite recently, however, has it become popular elsewhere. In Britain, Lady Kitty Ritson did much to draw attention to the breed during the 1920s and 1930s. The Finnish Spitz is a hardy, yet home-loving breed, with plenty of stamina. It will thrive in a family environment and also makes an alert guard dog in these surroundings. However, a possible drawback associated with the breed can be its tendency to bark repeatedly. This behavior is related to its hunting technique, the dog having been encouraged to bark to indicate the presence of a bird in a tree. This breed is still judged on its barking abilities in working trials held in its country of origin.
- Height 17-20 in (43-51 cm)
- Weight 31-36 lb (14-16.3 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat short except on back, back of thighs and tail, semi-erect on the neck. Colour bright reddish-brown or yellowish-red on back, lighter on rest of body. Head foxy, with a sharp muzzle; ears erect and pointed; back short and level; tail bushy and curled over the back.
It is a cute fluffy dog breed with a tail curled over its back.
Descended from spitz stock, the ancestors of this breed were common sights as they guarded the barges on the Rhine and the Dutch canals. Keeshonds make excellent watchdogs and companions. They are believed to be named after two leaders of the Dutch Patriot Party, who adopted the breed as a symbol during the eighteenth century.
Isolated examples of the breed appeared in England during the early 19th century but it was early in the present century that Mrs. Wingfield Digby brought some puppies over from Holland which aroused great interest. The breed now has many devotees in Great Britain and the U.S.A. They are wolf-grey in color, with an attractive fluffy coat. The ruff around the neck is more prominent in adult dogs than puppies.
Avoid using a check chain of any kind when training a Keeshond, as this may damage its ruff, a thorough daily grooming will be necessary to keep the coat in top condition, while proper training is required because these dogs can prove independent and strong-willed. Keeshonden are quite at home in the domestic environment and can be relied upon as keen guards. Their bell-like bark is characteristic of the breed.
- Height ideal height is 17-18 in (43-45.5 cm)
- Weight 55-66 lb (25-30 kg)
- Coat type/color The dense, harsh offstanding body coat forms a ruff around the neck but is shorter on the head and legs. The eyes have ‘spectacles’ of lighter hair. Colour wolf or ash grey with cream legs, feet, and shadings. The body should be short and compact with a fox-like head. The feathered tail curls over the back.
A breed that is often confused by the casual observer with the Keeshond is the Elkhound, a Scandinavian elk-hunting dog. A member of the Spitz group this breed is typically reliable as a bird-, elk-, or bear-hunter. Instead of simply locating quarry, these dogs actually sought to drive it towards the hunter, which called for a considerable degree of courage. It was introduced into Britain in the 1870s, but it hung fire for a while.
Later it gathered a band of supporters, until in 1923 when the British Elkhound Society was formed, it became firmly established. The Elkhound, since its recognition by the English and American Kennel Clubs, is very popular on both sides of the Atlantic. They have remained tough, hardy dogs and make devoted companions. An active breed, Elkhounds require plenty of exercises and can be trained quite easily.
- Height 20½ in, (52 cm) bitches 18½ in (46.5 cm)
- Weight 50 lb, (22.7 kg) bitches 43 lb (19.5 kg)
- Coat type/colour Coat abundant, coarse and weather-resisting, short on the face and front of legs, long on the neck, buttocks and backs of fore-legs. Colour grey. Body short and strong; tightly curled tail.
Japanese Akita Dog
The loyalty of the Akita is legendary in its Japanese homeland. A dog called Hachiko used to walk back and forth to a railway station near Tokyo with its owner every day. When the man died at work, the Akita continued its daily journey for the remainder of its life, in the hope that one day its master would return.
On Hackiko’s demise, a statue was erected in his memory, with the Akita itself being declared a ‘national monument’ in Japan. This ensures that financial support is available for people who may no longer be able to afford to care for a breed champion.
The Akita’s origins date back to the seventeenth century. It was first bred in the province of Akita, located on the island of Honshu, from spitz stock. They were developed as hunting dogs and trained to work in pairs. Akitas started to become popular in the United States during the 1950s, with a specialist breed club being founded in 1956. They have also gained a strong following in Britain during recent years.
Akitas (which resemble Chow Chows, to a certain extent) are powerful dogs with a stubborn streak and therefore they must be properly trained, otherwise, the slightly dominant and aggressive streak in their natures can become evident. They will be content with a good walk every day, and their coat is easy to keep in condition by regular brushing.
- Height 20-27 in (51-68.5)
- Weight 77-88 lb (35-40 kg)
- Coat type/colour fluffy, wide variety
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