What dog breeds are most intelligent & what dog breeds are the top dumbest?
The following super-smart dog breeds are eager to please the owner, they take commands well and had a long history of being reliable work partners to humans.
Australian Kelpie Sheepdog Dog
Comparatively little reliable information is as yet available in England on this breed, although in Australia the Kelpie is strongly established, with specialist Clubs promoting Trials and Shows throughout the Commonwealth. The Kelpie is recognized by various Kennel Clubs of Australia s a pure breed; certainly, it was breeding to type back in 1870.
When the early Scots settlers went south, they took their small working Collies with them; these were later crossed with Dingos, and the Kelpie is the improved result. Considerable confusion oversize has led authors to suggest the height of 16 in., yet as much as 55 lb. in weight: This, because the Kelpie has two varieties, the standard dog and the Barb, an all-black larger type too often called Kelpie.
- Height 18-20 in (45.5-50.5 cm)
- Weight 25-30 lb (11.3-13.6 kg)
- Coat type/colour Coat short. Colour black-and-tan, blue-and-tan, red-, red-and-tan, chocolate (this colour is very popular for show in New South Wales), slate, blue and fawn. Ears pointed, erect; tail sometimes docked.
Border Collie Dog
A true working dog, the Border Collie is another of the breeds that originated in the border counties. There has been less standardization within this breed than many others; in fact, a standard was only drawn up for the Border Collie by the Kennel Club in 1976. It is always a popular competitor at obedience competitions and a frequent winner.
Nevertheless, although these collies are among the most receptive of all breeds to training, they really do not settle well in a purely domestic environment. Here they will become bored and frequently turn destructive as a result. As companion dogs in a rural area, however, where they can work and use their natural intelligence, Border Collies will be a source of great pleasure, as well as proving protective towards all members of the family.
- Height 21 in (53.5 cm)
- Weight 40-50 lb (18.2-22.7 kg)
- Coat type/colour smooth; black and white
Boston Terrier Dog
This American breed was developed during the latter part of the last century, with various strains of Bulldog, Bull Terrier, and Boxer all contributing to its ancestry. Indeed, these dogs were originally called American Bull Terriers for a period, until objections from Bull Terrier owners forced a change of name.
The breed was finally recognized in 1893 by the American Kennel Club as the Boston Terrier. A seal-brindled dog named ‘Judge’, weighing about 30lb. was taken to Boston from Liverpool about 1875 and sold to a Mr. Hopkin there; this dog later became the founder type. Undoubtedly the smartest and most popular dog of American creation. Some excellent specimens are in Britain now, the smaller being preferred.
Since then, it has become widely known throughout the world. They have probed easy dogs to train and make delightful companions. Boston Terriers are quite at home even in urban surroundings and will walk happily on a leash if it is not possible to give them a daily run. Nevertheless, they do enjoy a period of freedom, to explore in the company of their owner.
The short coat of this breed is easy to groom and is never shed profusely, which makes housework easier. Boston Terriers may snuffle because of their compact noses, while their relatively prominent eyes are prone to injury, especially if they charge off through the undergrowth.
However, the most significant problem associated with these terriers is only apparent during the whelping period. The relatively large head, coupled with a narrow pelvis, often causes problems when a bitch is giving birth. A Caesarean section may be required if a puppy’s head becomes stuck in the birth canal. Particular care is therefore necessary when breeding Boston Terriers.
- Height: 15-17 in (38-43 cm)
- Weight: 15-20 lb (6.8-9 kg)
- Coat: short and sleek.
- Colour: brindle-and-white (the white to be on the front, collar and blaze) black-and-white permissible.
- Head: broad and round; ears erect, rather large;
- Body: compact;
- Tail: straight or screw.
Bull Terrier (Miniature) Dog
The attempt to breed perfect Bull Terriers in miniature has been going on for a long time and has proved surprisingly difficult. The limited number of typical specimens that are bred have a tremendous charm of both appearance and character for they have a great sense of fun as well as being extremely affectionate, courageous, and intelligent. If more of them were to appear before the general public they would become more popular. The English Kennel Club recognizes them as a separate breed.
- Height The standard for the Bull Terrier (Miniature) is as that of its larger relation with the exception that the height must not be more than 14 in (35.5 cm)
- Weight not exceed 20 lb (9.1 kg) The smaller the better, providing type and substance are retained.
The Shetland Islands are the home of diminutive ponies and sheep and it is understandable that the latter should be taken charge of by diminutive sheepdogs with a strong resemblance to a small-sized Collie. Here they were kept by the crofters who scratched a living from this rather inhospitable terrain.
The Shetland Sheepdog probably developed from a range of dogs brought to these islands over the years but has been established as a pure breed for over a century. It is very similar to the Rough Collie, although smaller in size. In the Zetland dialect, these were known as ‘peerie’ or fairy dogs. Collie breeders were strongly against the breed becoming known as Shetland Collies and after discussion, the breed title of Shetland Sheepdog was accepted in 1914. The breed’s charm has won it many admirers on both sides of the Atlantic.
Shelties are intelligent and easily trained, often featuring in obedience competitions. They have been developed in a wide range of colors, with tri-colors being among the most striking. In such cases. The deep tan creates an attractive contrast against their black and white markings. The blue merle is an unusual shade of clear silvery blue, mixed with black and often with tan coloration as well.
The coat of the Sheltie is relatively soft and light and a firm brushing each day should keep it free from tangles. In terms of exercise, Shelties are quite active dogs and need sufficient space for a good run. They are generally quite trustworthy with other dogs, however, and therefore can be allowed off the leash in a suitable area in a park without fear of them provoking any disturbance.
- Height 14½ in (37 cm)
- Weight 14-16 lb (6.4-7.3 kg)
- Coat type/color Outer coat long, harsh and straight with a soft undercoat. Definite mane ears semi-erect when alert. Colors black-and-tan with white, black with white, sable, sable with white, black with tan, blue merle, and blue merle with white. Tail long with abundant hair.
Miniature Schnauzer Dog
The Miniature Schnauzer should be a perfect, reduced copy of the Standard or Medium Schnauzer in design, usefulness, and character.
About 50 years ago, small editions of the Schnauzer were being exhibited in Germany, but the Miniature did not arrive in England until about 1928 when some fine stock was flown over for Mr. W. H. Hancock, who became the pioneer and founder of most of the British stock.
Miniatures had already, in about 1923, been introduced into America, where today the variety is quite fashionable.
- Height 14 in (35.5 cm), bitches not over 13 in (33 cm)
- Coat type/colour Colour all pepper and salt colours or pure black. (See Schnauzer.)
The name of this breed refers to the positioning and shape of its ears and is derived from the French word Papillon meaning butterfly. The raised ears are said to resemble a butterfly’s wings, while in the case of the closely related continental toy spaniel, known as the Phalene, they hang down over the sides of the head.
The precise origins of these dogs are unclear, although, bearing in mind their popularity among the nobility of mainland Europe during the seventeenth century, crosses involving the Bichon Frise and small spaniels may have contributed to their ancestry. The dainty movements of the Papillon belie its robust constitution.
Whereas some toy breeds, such as the Chihuahua, may encounter difficulties when whelping, this type of problem is distinctly uncommon in the Papillon. They are easy dogs to care for and will live quite happily in an apartment if they can have daily exercise.
Papillons are intelligent and invariably keen to please their owners, which in turn makes them relatively easy dogs to train successfully. However, you will need to ensure that they do not become too demanding and possessive, which can be a fault associated with the breed.
Try to involve other members of the family as much as possible in the dog’s care, so as to prevent the occurrence of this problem. Both the Papillon and the Phalene have been bred in a wide range of colors, with only liver and white outlawed for show purposes, so you should find a good choice of colors available if you decide to purchase a puppy.
- Height 8-11 in (20.5-28 cm)
- Weight 9-10 lb (4.1-4.5 kg)
- Coat type/colour Coat long, fine and silky. Colour white with patches that may be of any colour except liver. The tail well fringed and curved up and over the back.
It appears that this breed has existed in Belgium for well over 300 years, although its precise ancestry is unknown. It has been suggested that it could be a miniature form of a black Belgian Shepherd Dog, or, alternatively, could have a spitz ancestry.
The Schipperke was certainly very popular among shoemakers in Belgium during the seventeenth century. Such dogs were paraded wearing ornate collars made of brass, and possibly took part in the earliest specialist dog show ever held, when a Schipperke show was organized by the Belgian Guild of Workmen in 1690.
The Schipperke (‘Little Skipper’) is a well-known breed in the Netherlands, and particularly in the Louvain district. It was once used for guarding barges and riverboats, although it served a multitude of other purposes as well. Perky and adaptable, with an inbred affection for canals and tow-horses, the Schipperke is becoming popular generally. It was not until 1885, when the Queen of the Belgians became interested in it, that it made any substantial headway.
However, in 1887 it was imported in England and by 1890 the English Schipperke Club had been formed.
Schipperkes are usually black in color, and their coat is easy to keep in top condition. These are hardy and affectionate dogs and make good family pets. They will benefit from a good daily walk, but prove to be quite happy in an urban environment.
- Height 10-13 in (25-33 cm)
- Weight 12-16 lb (5.4-7.3 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat harsh, short and smooth on the head, ears, and leg, but frilled around the neck. Color jet black but other whole colors are permissible. Head foxy; ears small, erect; body muscular, tail docked very close.
Welsh Corgi (Pembroke) Dog
The origin of this Welsh cattle-dog is lost in antiquity; it seems to be the cattle-dog referred to in the old laws of Wales codified by King Hywel Dda in 920. For many centuries, the drover’ dog was the only breed known in Wales.
Today, the Corgi has known the world over, and it has also become immensely popular in America. With the modern tendency towards small houses and flats, the Corgi has become well established as a house dog and companion in the town as well as the countryside. (See Vallhund)
- Height preferably 10-12 in (25-30.5 cm)
- Weight 20-24 lb (9.1-10.9 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat medium length, smooth and dense. Colour self-red, sable, fawn, black-and-tan, or with white markings of head, legs, chest, and neck. Ears comparatively large and erect; tail short or absent.
Welsh Collie Dog
This is a type of Sheepdog well known in North Wales, particularly to Sheepdog Trial enthusiasts who watch the breed work with uncanny skill. It is the product of the almost extinct Black-and-Tan Welsh and the Working Collie but has been bred in its present form for a considerable time.
Wales is the home of the Sheepdog Trials, which began in 1873, coming to England three years later, and her native dogs are naturally quick-minded and reliable, although extremely sensitive to harsh rebuke. Several canine film stars also came from this adaptable race; they often compete in obedience competitions.
- Height about 18 in (45.5 cm)
- Weight approximately 35 lb (15.9 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat fairly long, smooth, and close to resist the rain. Colour black-and-tan, tricolor, all-black or black with white blaze, collar, brisket, and underside.
It is known that pedigree Welsh Terriers existed in 1854 and that the breed had its first Show classes at Pwllheli, about 1885. At its first public appearances, these dogs were entered in classes for ‘Welsh or Old English Wire-haired Black-and-Tan Terriers.’
There was a considerable discussion before the title ‘Welsh Terrier; was adopted. It is not a large-sized Lakeland, and neither should it be a miniature Airedale, though to the uninitiated its pattern is not dissimilar to either of these tan and black-saddled Terriers. The breed is a very sporting one and the dogs make active and intelligent companions.
- Height about 15 in (38 cm)
- Weight about 20 lb (9.1 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat hard and very close and wiry. Colour black-and-tan or black-grizzle-and-tan.
Spaniel (Field) Dog
The Field Spaniel is very trainable and a smart problem-solver. The breed likes games and can be easily motivated to learn.
The Field is a British-developed spaniel whose origin is closely linked with that of the Cocker Spaniel. At one time great length of the body was a virtue. Since the last century Field Spaniel backs have been shortened and a little weight is taken off, until the breed now almost resembles a stoutly built Cocker Spaniel.
It is not a widely favored breed among shooting-men, although, being larger than the Cocker, yet more active than the Clumber, it should have done better than it has. After a very lean period, the breed now seems to be regaining popularity.
- Height 16-18 in (40.5-45.5)
- Weight 35-50 lb (15.9-22.7 kg)
- Coat type/color Coat flat, dense and silky. Colour black, liver, mahogany red, or roan the most usual, though all colors are permitted. The general appearance of a well-balanced, upstanding sporting dog.
This is a link where you find which dog breeds are intelligent and smart. Moreover, you know how to train them.