History of Cats in Russia [features of Different Cats in the World 2023]

The first cats were brought to Ancient Urartu and Olivia by traders and warriors in the 7th-6th centuries. BC, since these centers had significant, links with the Mediterranean. The Scythians also knew a domestic cat, but so far just one single skeleton has been unearthed in the mounds. In the V-VIII centuries. cats emerged on the shore of the Baltic Sea, and in the X-XIII centuries. established on the lands of ancient Russia, however, there were very few of them: in the Upper Volga region, only two out of two hundred kurgans of the 10th-11th centuries were found the bones of cats. It is remarkable that in Russia the purely economic qualities of a cat were the first to be appreciated by the clergy and put these creatures under the protection of church law.

How much did the cat cost? In “Metropolitan Justice”, a well-known legal code of the 14th century, we read that a fine was established for a stolen animal: 9 kuna was paid for a pigeon, 30 kuna for a duck, a crane and a goose, 40 kuna for a cow, and 30 kuna for a swan. for an ox, a dog and a cat – 3 hryvnia each (a hryvnia is an ingot of silver weighing 250 kg, a kuna is the 50th part of a hryvnia) (a hryvnia is an ingot of silver weighing 250 grams, a kuna is the 50th part of a hryvnia). This means that the price of a cat was comparable to an ox! Three hryvnia was a lot of money. Another document notes: “And whomever kills a dog or a cat is guilty of the hryvnia, and gives a dog instead of a cat, and a cat instead of a dog.” Earlier in the textual sources the cat is not mentioned. Probably until the fourteenth century. cats in Russia were not common.

Animals have always aided man. It is commonly known that cows offer milk, sheep supply wool, horses transport products, and cats have gained human praise for their abilities to hunt rodents. Conquistador Diego de Almago is credited with being the one who paid 600 coins of eight ducats for the first domestic cat to be imported to South America with the express purpose of catching mice. This transaction took place towards the tail end of the fifteenth century. In the 18th century, Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, issued an order mandating that all cities that were conquered by Prussia pay a tax on cats. The purpose of this levy was to deter rats from entering Prussia’s military stores.

After several centuries had passed, these creatures eventually became useful to humans again. They were a component of the Marshall Plan to assist in the reconstruction of Europe in the aftermath of World War II. The United States government dispatched hundreds of thousands of tons of grain to Europe in an effort to save the lives of those who were going hungry there. They took a strategy for controlling rodents that had been used successfully for centuries by the ancient Egyptians and sent 10,000 cats along with the grain to protect it from mice. The brave performance of the cats in doing their job made it possible for the Europeans to fortify their forces and launch the laborious task of reconstructing the continent after it had been devastated by war. In 1964, a widespread outbreak of Bolivian fevers ravaged the remote Andean community of San Joaquin, which was located high in the mountains. The wild mice in the area were infected with the Machupo virus, which led to the spread of the disease. As a result of a radio plea for assistance, hundreds of cats were airlifted to the Andes region, where they were eventually successful in putting an end to the epidemic.

The cat has undergone remarkably little change over the course of its evolution in terms of its anatomy, physiology, or appearance. Each breed of dog was developed by a human for a particular function, and breeders were chosen based on characteristics such as their size, level of aggression, or speed. The majority of the many breeds of cats emerged by chance as a consequence of genetic isolation in various far-flung regions of the world. People in Europe prior to the Victorian era did not place much importance on the concept of “breed” in relation to cats, despite the fact that these animals can vary in appearance, the length of their coats, and their personalities. During this time, travelers first started bringing cats back from distant lands. The domestic shorthaired cat is the ancestor of all other domesticated cat breeds in Europe. It is believed that Roman troops brought domesticated cats to Europe from the Middle East. The first Manx were brought over from Asia, Angora cats  from Turkey, Persian cats from Asia Minor, Siamese cats from the far east, and Abyssinian cats from Ethiopia. Siamese cats were brought over from Thailand. Cat owners began to show their feline companions to one another as representations of various varieties as the popularity of various breeds increased throughout time.

The Crystal Palace in London played host to the world’s first ever cat display in 1871. There are more than one hundred different breeds of cats that can be found in modern Europe and North America. However, despite their undeniable distinctions, all types of breeds are still variations of the same phenomenon: an animal that is astonishingly beautiful, rich in personality, and cherished by all domestic cats.

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