Common Diseases in Cats? [summary of Infections: How to Notice & Cure Your Pet 2022]

Eye Diseases

Like humans, cats are prone to some eye conditions. The likelihood of going blind from some kind of organic disease in a cat is quite small. A foreign body in the eye is the most common problem. If you notice that your cat is constantly covering its eyes, rubbing it with its paw, or suddenly a discharge begins to appear from the eye, then you must act immediately. First, try to do everything to stop the cat from rubbing its eyes. Secondly, gently take the cat in your arms and examine its eye by lifting the eyelid. If you suddenly notice a speck of dust, a scratch, a grain of sand or any other foreign body on the cornea of ​​the eye, relieve the suffering of your cat, for this just rinse her eye with tea. But, if you see blood or other foreign object trapped in the tissue of the eye,

Conjunctivitis is probably the most common eye disease in both animals and humans. The cause of conjunctivitis can be the occurrence of mechanical trauma to the eye, ingestion of pyogenic microbes, infectious diseases, and even a deficiency of vitamin A in the body. With a disease such as conjunctivitis, lacrimation, purulent discharge from the eyes, swelling of the connective membrane of the eye – the conjunctiva – are noted. Do not forget that conjunctivitis is a symptom of many dangerous infectious diseases, so the first step is to isolate the animal from all other pets, and be sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap after each contact with it.

Ear Diseases

The ear is a very complex and delicate organic instrument that must be handled with great care.

In the event that you notice ulcers or a foul-smelling dark brown discharge in the cat’s auricle, and with all this, the animal scratches its ear with its paw and shakes its head, you should definitely show the animal to the veterinarian. These symptoms may indicate that the outer or middle ear is inflamed or that the cat is developing otitis media.

Similar symptoms can be observed in the case of a mite that causes ear scabies – otodectosis. In this case, the cat begins to twitch its ears, while violently shaking its head, and eagerly begins to scratch the ear. In order to alleviate the suffering of a cat, the very first measure should be instilling warm sunflower or olive oil into the ear, no more than 3-4 drops. This will soften the scab and improve the animal’s well-being.

In any case, you should not self-medicate, only a doctor can prescribe treatment.

If foreign objects such as cereal bones and other small objects get into the ear, it can cause severe irritation. In the event that a thorn somehow got into the ear, then the problem can be much more serious. But, all that is needed to solve this problem is self-control, good lighting and a keen eye.

Bladder Disease

Inflammation Of The Bladder

The manifestations of a disease such as inflammation of the bladder are very obvious. Symptoms of this disease can be considered situations when your cat very often begins to make visits to his hygienic box or your cat constantly asks to go outside. With this disease, she loses her appetite, the general health of the cat worsens, her temperature rises.

Bladder Stones

Cats are much more susceptible to this disease than cats. A sick animal begins to go to the toilet very often, this is mainly caused by urges. But despite all the efforts, the animal manages to squeeze out only a few drops, while the cat or cat is experiencing severe, almost unbearable pain. The stone in the bladder is hard, slightly rounded and very well felt, but do not forget that every pressing on this stone causes severe pain. If you notice such symptoms in your pet, then first of all, be sure to contact your veterinarian.

Infectious Gastroenteritis (Panleukopenia)

Infectious gastroenteritis is a severe disease that cats are susceptible to. In order to avoid this disease, it is necessary to take the cat to the veterinarian in a timely manner or to vaccinate the cat itself against this disease, after that you will have nothing to worry about. Infectious begins with the fact that the animal refuses to feed, he begins to vomit, diarrhea, then the body temperature rises and can reach 41 °. The general condition of the cat immediately deteriorates. The animal begins to feel continuous thirst, but with all its attempts, it cannot bring itself to lap. With all this, dehydration of the body occurs, which can be fatal.

Parasitic Diseases

Parasitic diseases can be caused by a wide variety of parasites. All parasites are divided into external ones according to the characteristic feature of distribution – these can be fleas, lice or pathogens of scabies and internal ones – these can be tapeworms, roundworms, toxoplasma, etc.

The parasites are very hardy. They can be transferred both by direct contact with an infected animal, as well as by direct contact with one of the pathogens, which can remain not only in the cage, but also on the rug, on the floor, on the litter and other surfaces. Therefore, it is recommended to disinfect the room in which the cat is located.


Most often, cats are parasitized by various types of feline fleas, not only felines.

Adult fleas can be recognized quite easily. They have a dark brownish, hard, shiny cover, and the length of their body is from 2 to 4 mm, their legs are long. All flea eggs are slightly whitish in color, the shape of the eggs is spherical. These small beads of eggs can roll freely on the litter, on the floor, on the ground or any other surface.

In order to prevent the spread of this terrible parasitic disease for an animal, it is imperative to follow all the instructions of the veterinarian. Disinsection of the entire room in which the cat is located will come in handy.


Helminths are very dangerous, parasitic worms that live in the internal organs and tissues of both animals and humans. The diseases that form as a result are called helminthiases. Helminths of several types parasitize in the body of cats, round (roundworms, trichinella, hookworms) and flatworms (tapeworms and flukes). Most often, roundworms are found, the disease is most severe in kittens, it can even lead to the death of the animal. Ascarids do not need carriers, unlike tapeworms. Ascaris eggs are viable, they ripen in the air and can be found in any place and environment: on the floor, in the grass, even in the fur of an animal, so infection of kittens can be rapid and massive.

Segments of tapeworms look like flat, dirty-white stripes with jagged edges, while tapering towards the ends. You can see them in the feces or around the anus on the coat.

A cat affected by helminths becomes restless and has poor appetite. If the situation comes to an extensive invasion, then the cat begins diarrhea and vomiting in which worms and roundworms can come out with vomit, the eyes of the animal seem to be large. The animal is tormented by intense thirst. There are currently appropriate medications for tapeworms, roundworms and other intestinal parasites that a veterinarian can prescribe. In addition to the course of treatment, it is necessary to disinfect the entire room where the cat is located, in order to avoid re-infection and to speed up the treatment process.


Ringworm is an infectious disease. It is caused by dermatophytes, a special type of fungus. This disease begins with the fact that the ends of the hair of a sick animal begin to split and subsequently curl. After that, a gray crust forms on the skin of the sick animal. Most often, this disease affects the skin of the neck, head and extremities. Even with the slightest pressure on the crust of the sore, pus is released. Gradually, single foci are combined into large areas of damage. With lichen, sick animals never itch.

After the wound heals, it happens that bald areas remain on the skin at the site of the wound. You should immediately contact your veterinarian at the slightest suspicion of ringworm. To date, effective vaccines have been developed to combat this disease.

If, nevertheless, the cat gets sick with this infection, then it should be isolated, while strictly observing all the necessary hygiene rules. Dangerous in this disease is that ringworm can be transmitted even to humans, and especially to children, therefore, when handling sores, be sure to wear rubber gloves to avoid spreading the infection.

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