Best Military Dog Breeds 2022 [most Trainable & Loyal]

What kind of dog does different police in the world use?

Here is a list of popular military/war dog breeds other than the most well known German Shepherd dog breed. These breeds are extremely strong, easy to train and loyal.

American Police Dog Breed – Dobermann Dog

This breed is better known in North America as the Doberman Pinscher, with ‘Doberman’ in this case being spelt with a single ‘n’. Its origins date back to 1870 when a German breeder called Louis Dobermann sought to develop a new breed, based largely on a combination of Rottweiler and German Pinscher blood. He wanted a breed that would protect him in his unpopular work as a tax collector. A variety of other dogs contributed to his breeding programme, including German Shepherd Dogs and probably Greyhounds, which helped to give the Dobermanns its sleek appearance.

By the turn of the century, the Dobermann had gained a justifiable reputation for its aggressive behaviour. When the breed was introduced to the US, breeders in the UK realised that if it was to make progress in show circles, then a much more docile dog would be required. Its attractive profile helped to ensure the rapid rise in popularity of the Dobermann, both in North America and elsewhere, but bad publicity had tended to follow this breed.

Many problems can be traced back to early care. The Dobermann is naturally a very assertive dog and so must receive proper training from puppyhood, otherwise, it may well turn aggressive in later life. For this reason, it is not the best breed to choose as a family pet, nor if you have had little or no previous experience of owning a dog. A well-trained and obedient Dobermann is, nevertheless, a joy to watch, and the breed is used by police forces in various countries.

Dobermann dog is a common military dog breed also in Canada.

  • Height 27 in (68.5 cm)
  • Weight 66-80 lb (30-36.3 kg)
  • Coat type/colour Coat short and harsh. Colour black, brown or blue with rust markings. Head clean-cut; ears cropped on the Continent but in Britain preferably erect; body lithe and muscular; legs fairly long; tail docked short; the whole dog looking very much like a large Manchester Terrier.

Canadian Police Dog Breed – Giant Schnauzer Dog

Although this breed, with its three varieties of size, is squarely built like the Terrier family, it has never been actually called by the name of Schnauzer Terrier. It is principally a general-purpose dog used in Germany, Austria and Switzerland as a drovers’ dog, watchdog, police dog and companion.

A statue of the Night-watchman and his Dog, in Stuttgart, dated 1620, shows a typical Schnauzer of medium size, whilst paintings of a century earlier depict the breed as of quite a well-defined type. The large-sized variety is quite unknown in England, but the Standard and Miniature are well established. The Duchess of Montrose was the pioneer of the breed in Britain when about 40 years ago it was first introduced.

  • Height 18-19 in (45.5-48 cm)
  • Coat type/colour Coat hard and wiry with whiskers on muzzle. Colour all pepper and salt colours or pure black

UK Police Dog Breed – Airedale Terrier Dog

The largest of the terrier breeds, the Airedale is named after the River Aire in Yorkshire, England, where it was first bred. Here it was originally known by a variety of local names, such as the Bingley and the Waterside Terrier. Its present name was established at the Airedale Agricultural Show in 1879.

Airedale Terriers are thought to be descended from the now-extinct Black and Tan Terrier, with crossings involving Otterhounds also playing a part in its ancestry. The Airedale has been used for hunting a variety of games, ranging from rats to foxes and badgers. Its intelligent and alert nature has led to its involvement in police work, and the breed was a popular choice as a messenger dog, working in the trenches during the First World War.

Today, these terriers are a frequent sight at dog shows around the world, although for show purposes their coat has to be stripped by hand, which is an onerous task. Airedales are tough dogs and may occasionally become embroiled in a fight with another dog, but they are not aggressive by nature. They will prove formidable guards, however, being very loyal to their owner. In terms of exercise, they do need a good run every day, otherwise, they may become bored and destructive.

  • Height 23-24 in (58.5-61 cm)
  • Weight 44 lb (20 kg)
  • Coat type/colour smooth, black and tan

Germany Police Dog Breed – Boxer Dog

‘Flocki’, shown at Munich in 1895, the result of a cross made in Germany between a bitch of a bull-fighting type and a Bulldog called Tom, aroused increasing interest in this new breed, inexplicably called ‘Boxers’. The first Boxer went to the U.S.A. about 1903 without making much impact; it was 1911 before one appeared in England and the 1930s before real interest was aroused in either country. Little progress was made in England until 1945. Enthusiasts imported from both America and Germany, and today our best dogs can hold their own in any company.

Few dogs are more playful by nature than Boxers and they are ideal for a home with bigger children, although they are perhaps rather too boisterous to live alongside toddlers. As may be imagined, Boxers need adequate space for their active natures. They are highly affectionate and loyal companions and can be trained quite easily. Indeed, they have been used as police dogs in various countries. Their short coats require little attention.

  • Height 22-24 in. (58.5-61 cm)
  • Weight 66 lb (30 kg)
  • Coat type/colour The short, smooth coat is either brindle or fawn often combined with white markings. The head is broad with a deep short, square muzzle and dark mask.

Indian Police Dog Breed – Labrador Dog

The ancestors of this well-known breed were brought originally from Newfoundland by fishermen returning to England. In Newfoundland, the dogs helped to haul in the nets and took to the water readily.

During the nineteenth century, a tax on dog ownership led to the demise of these dogs in Newfoundland, and British quarantine laws limited the availability of further stock. They were then interbred with existing retriever breeds such as the Flat-coated until finally, in 1903, a standard was established for the Labrador Retriever itself.

Since then, these dogs have undergone a massive surge in popularity, being kept both as house pets and gundogs. They have retained their affiliation with water and are highly valued by duck hunters. Their scenting skills have also been exploited in other areas of contemporary life, including the search for drugs and explosives at airports. The trustworthy nature of the Labrador Retriever has also seen the breed trained as guide dogs for people with impaired sight.

In terms of colouration, although the black form was best known during the early years of the century. The yellow variety is now more common. Chocolate individuals may also be seen occasionally as well. It is not unusual for the coat colouration of yellow Labradors to fade somewhat with age, although there is a natural variation to some extent in any event.

In the case of black and chocolate dogs, the development of some white hairs around the muzzle can be anticipated as they become older. These are not sedentary dogs by nature, and you must be prepared to give them plenty of exercises because otherwise, they will rapidly become obese.

The very strong Labrador following in this country is undoubtedly due to the breed’s excellence in character, working proficiency, and general appearance. Within the last half-century, the Labrador has outstripped all other Retrievers in Britain, is now by far the most desired shooting dog. The Flat-coated Retriever was leading the way when the Labrador first came here about the beginning of the 19th century, but, after careful selection and breeding, the latter took the lead and today holds his own without fear of challenge. The Labradors are often trained as police dogs.

  • Height approximately 22 in (56 cm)
  • Weight 55-57 lb (25-34 kg)
  • Coat type/colour Coat short, dense and free from wave. Colour black, yellow or chocolate. Head rather broad, with pronounced stop. Ears folding in close to the side; eyes brown or hazel. Tail thick and tapering.

Belgian Police Dog Breed – Belgian Shepherd Dog

Sometimes known as sheepdogs, these dogs were developed both as guard dogs and for herding purposes. Similar dogs have been kept in Belgium since the Middle Ages, but no serious attempt was made to classify them until 1891. At that stage, eight different breeds were distinguished, but now just four remain.

The Groenendael, with its long black coat, is the form often described in the United States simply as the Belgian Sheepdog. They were introduced here for the first time in 1907 and were also used in the First World War, both as messengers and sentries.

The Tervueren is quite similar to the Groenendael but can be distinguished by its colouration, which ranges from fawn to mahogany, with the individual hairs themselves being tipped with black. These darker markings are most prominent on the head, forequarters and at the tip of the tail.

The smooth-coated Malinois is rather reminiscent of the German Shepherd Dog. It was originally developed in the area around Malines, as a sheep-herder. Like their German counterparts, these dogs are very responsive to training. They are likely to prove protective towards their owners and are reluctant to accept strangers.

The final variety of the Belgian Shepherd is the Laekenois, which was first bred in the vicinity of Boom in Antwerp. Here it served to guard linen that was left to bleach in the sun. The Laekenois is fawn in colouration, with black markings confined to the face.

  • Height 24-26 in (61-66 cm)
  • Weight 62 lb (28.1 kg)
  • Coat type/colour smooth/shaggy, wide variety

Russian Police Dog Breeds – Belgian Malinois Dog

Although it is well known throughout Belgium, the Malinois is said to have originated in the district of Malines, from which it takes its name. Of the three main Belgian shepherd-dog groups, the Malinois is identified by its wire-haired coat, in contra-distinction to the long-haired Groenendael and the short-haired Tervueren.

The history of these three races is closely linked, and in 1891 they were jointly recognised by the Belgian canine authorities. Widely used as a nightguard, police and defence dog, the Malinois Sheepdog is perfectly adapted to his work, being distrustful of strangers and most conscientious in his herding.

  • Height 21½-24½ in (54.5-62 cm)
  • Weight about 54 lb (24.5 kg)
  • Coat type/colour Coat short, wiry and weather-resisting. Colour brindle-fawn with a black mask. Ears rather small, triangular and erect.

Australia Police Dog Breeds – Spaniel (English Springer) Dog

The Springer Spaniel is one of the oldest branches of the spaniel family tree. Originally spaniels were expected to spring game for the net or for falcons. Today they find, flush and retrieve the gun. Although many are seen at shows or kept as companions it is when trained to the natural work that they are seen at their best. The old name of ‘Norfolk Spaniel’ is now obsolete and the title ‘Springer’ was officially adopted early in the present century.

  • Height about 20 in (50.5 cm)
  • Weight 40-50 lb (18.1-22.7 kg)
  • Coat type/colour Coat close and weather-resisting. Colour generally liver-and-white or black-and-white but any spaniel colouring is acceptable. A compact, symmetrical and merry dog; very active.

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