Best Cat Facts to Know 2022 [good for Owners and Feline Lovers]


Do Cats Distinguish Colors?

Do cats distinguish colors? Scientists used to think that felines were color-blind animals. Now they are sure that cats see the world in colors, but not very well. Experience shows that cats are capable of distinguishing many colors, such as red, green, gray, blue and yellow. But they do not perceive color shades (saturated and faded) so well that they are unlikely to be able to distinguish between two different shades of the same color. This is why scientists have mistakenly believed that cats cannot distinguish colors at all. Cats do not tolerate bright light, because when they were still nocturnal, their eyes became accustomed to low light, in which they learned to distinguish the shape of an object and detect movement. In low visibility conditions, cats do not need to react to color. This is probably why they do not distinguish colors as clearly as humans.

A person’s eyes do not glow in the dark. Then why do the cat’s eyes shine like two green lights in the night? I must say that the eyes do not glow by themselves. There is a special layer at the back of the cat’s eye that is designed to reflect light. In Latin it is called “tapetum lucidum” which means “film of brightness”. This layer in the back of the eyeball acts as a mirror, reflecting each ray of light, then focusing on the retina. With the help of “luminance film”, the cat’s eyes use all the light available to it, which helps it distinguish between movement and objects. A cat, like a willow tree, cannot see in complete darkness. So the magical sparkle of the animal’s eyes comes from the fact that the tapetum lucidum has excellent reflective properties.

In addition to excellent sensitivity to light, cats receive non-visual signals with their ears, nose and whiskers for better orientation in the dark. The unusual structure of the eyes of cats allows them to see the shape of an object and its movement even in such low light, in which a person is practically helpless.

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Why Do We Need A Mustache And A Tail?

Felines have an average of 24 mobile whiskers, 12 on each side of the muzzle. Whiskers are twice as thick as regular hairs and their roots are three times deeper. Whiskers, at the base of which there are a large number of nerve endings, give cats comprehensive information about air currents, atmospheric pressure and the objects they touch. The scientific name of the whiskers “vibrissae” confirms their exceptional sensitivity to vibrations of air currents. Like the wind that whirls and winds around objects, the mustache also vibrates. Cats, not seeing or not touching objects, use these vibrations to determine their presence, size and shape. Whiskers also help cats in hunting. For example, an animal that has damaged its whiskers may not be able to quickly kill the caught prey during the hunt.

The cat’s whiskers turn forward when it is interested in something, wants to scare an opponent, or is studying something. But if the whiskers are directed back, it means that the animal is trying to take a defensive position or avoid touching any object. The ears also indicate the mood and intentions of the cat. When a cat is calm, its ears are slightly protruding, and in an alert cat they are tilted forward, towards the object of attention. If the cat is in a good mood, its ears may twitch, while when attacking, cats press their ears tightly against their head and take a defensive position in order to protect this fragile organ in case of confrontation.

A cat’s tail also reflects her mood. A heavily fluffed tail indicates that the cat is highly agitated or scared. An irritated cat sometimes jerks its tail sharply from side to side, which sometimes indicates that she is in doubt. There are two possible reasons for this behavior, either she is going to retreat, or again to enter the fight. It is better for attackers not to mess with a cat whose ears are protruding back, but not fully pressed. Be aware that such a cat is in an extremely aggressive state, but at the same time it is not yet frightened enough to press its ears tightly. In other words, her ears are warning, “Watch out!”

Cats have almost no facial expressions. But then all their organs are a reflection of their feelings. Cats with rounded pupils may be scared or agitated, while an angry one narrows them into two intimidating slits.

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How Many Fingers Does A Cat Have?

How long have you counted the claws on your cat’s toes? Most cats have five toes on their front feet and four on their hind feet. But some have more toes – from seven to eight on each paw. Such an animal is called “polydactyl” (from the Greek “Polis” – “many” and “dactylos” – “finger”). Polydactyly may have more toes than other cats, on two, three, or even four legs. This anomaly is due to the influence of a dominant gene, which manifests itself in different ways in animals. The extra toes, which most often appear on the front legs, may not be fully developed. Polydactyls are said to have a high mortality rate, but in practice most are in excellent health. Polydactyls first appeared in Boston, and from there came to Newfoundland, to Nova Scotia and New England, where they still live. Previously, sailors believed that polydactyls brought good luck. They took them with them on voyages around the world, thus spreading them all over the world. In 1996, a green cat was born in Denmark! Miss Greeney, a two month old kitten, was completely green with a gray spot on her back. Suspecting that the green was not a natural color, the veterinarians tried to wash the dye off Ms. Greeney’s fur. But the color hasn’t changed! Upon closer inspection, it was found that the green color had spread to the roots of the hair under Miss Greeney’s skin. Miss Greeney, a two month old kitten, was completely green with a gray spot on her back. Suspecting that the green was not a natural color, the veterinarians tried to wash the dye off Ms. Greeney’s fur. But the color hasn’t changed! Upon closer inspection, it was found that the green color had spread to the roots of the hair under Miss Greeney’s skin. Miss Greeney, a two month old kitten, was completely green with a gray spot on her back. Suspecting that the green was not a natural color, the veterinarians tried to wash the dye off Ms. Greeney’s fur. But the color hasn’t changed! Upon closer inspection, it was found that the green color had spread to the roots of the hair under Miss Greeney’s skin.

Ms. Greenie’s owner Pia Bischoff told Danish newspapers that veterinarians believe her kitten’s unusual color is caused by an abnormal metabolism in the animal’s body. But, despite the unusual color of the coat, Miss Greeney’s health is normal.

Cat’s coat color is usually genetically inherited. Red and black, for example, are determined by the X sex chromosome. Since a cat has one X and one Y chromosome, it can no longer have a calico color (a mixture of black and red). But still there are cats of black and red color, although very rarely. They have two sex chromosomes X (XXY) in the chromosome set, as a result of which they are infertile.

If you see a white cat with blue eyes, do not try to call her to you – she will not hear you. Most of these cats are deaf. If the cat has only one blue eye, then most likely it does not hear in the ear, which is closer to the blue eye. Yellow-eyed white cats are likely to hear well. A white cat with colorless eyes that turn pinkish in the light, which is caused by the reflection of light from blood vessels, is an albino. She has the pigment melanin, which is responsible for the color of the coat and skin is almost completely absent. If the ears of the cat are white, then it is very susceptible to sunlight. No matter what color the rest of her body is. Like people with fair skin, who often get sunburn, cats with white ears are at risk of developing skin cancer. If you have a white-eared cat, letting her go for a walk,

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How Many Cats Are There In Different Countries?

Taking a “census” of cats is hard work. According to scientists, between 57 and 67 million cats live in the United States in Canada, there are at least 3 million of them, 7 million in the UK, 35 million in Western Europe and 12 million in Australia. But no one knows how many cats live in Africa, Asia and South America. In addition, people involved in the “cat census” cannot agree on how to count them. Often the counting is done like this: the total amount of cat food purchased in the country for a certain period of time is recorded, but the number of cats themselves is not counted. In the United States of America, for example, cat owners spend an average of $ 2.15 billion a year on food and about $ 250 million on toilets. This method is efficient enough for calculations, but it does not count the millions of stray animals around the world that take care of themselves, without any human help. When scientists try to calculate this unaccounted for, another question arises which cats are considered homeless? Some scientists also count those cats that live in cities and feed on garbage, but do not take into account wild cats that do not come into contact with humans. Others list all the animals that do not have an owner, just homeless and wild. Therefore, until now, no one knows exactly how many cats live on earth now. But all scientists agree that the cat population is increasing. Here, animal welfare societies advise owners to neuter cats if they are not sure that they will be able to accommodate the kittens. When scientists try to calculate this unaccounted for, another question arises which cats are considered homeless? Some scientists also count those cats that live in cities and feed on garbage, but do not take into account wild cats that do not come into contact with humans. Others list all the animals that do not have an owner, just homeless and wild. Therefore, until now, no one knows exactly how many cats live on earth now. But all scientists agree that the cat population is increasing. Here, animal welfare societies advise owners to neuter cats if they are not sure that they will be able to accommodate the kittens. When scientists try to calculate this unaccounted for, another question arises which cats are considered homeless? Some scientists also count those cats that live in cities and feed on garbage, but do not take into account wild cats that do not come into contact with humans. Others list all the animals that do not have an owner, just homeless and wild. Therefore, until now, no one knows exactly how many cats live on earth now. But all scientists agree that the cat population is increasing. Here, animal welfare societies advise owners to neuter cats if they are not sure that they will be able to accommodate the kittens. Others list all the animals that do not have an owner, just homeless and wild. Therefore, until now, no one knows exactly how many cats live on earth now. But all scientists agree that the cat population is increasing. Here, animal welfare societies advise owners to neuter cats if they are not sure that they will be able to accommodate the kittens. Others list all the animals that do not have an owner, just homeless and wild. Therefore, until now, no one knows exactly how many cats live on earth now. But all scientists agree that the cat population is increasing. Here, animal welfare societies advise owners to neuter cats if they are not sure that they will be able to accommodate the kittens.

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Why Are Cats Not Popular In Australia?

The cat is popular in many countries as a favorite pet, but in Australia it has become “enemy number one”. On this continent there were no cats at all until they were brought there by colonists from Europe, who settled on undeveloped land more than two centuries ago. Since the local animals were not familiar with such a widespread animal on all continents and had never experienced the aggression of cats, they were not prepared for it. Currently, 12 million cats consider Australia their home. The resettled “keepers of the hearth” were so successful in hunting that they exterminated all the lyrebirds, gannets and other animals that had inhabited Australia since ancient times. To save the unique species of animals, many of which lived only in Australia, one of the politicians put forward a program for the complete extermination of cats by 2000. But not all Australians agreed with this policy; cat lovers offer a compromise: neutering will help preserve both cats and native Australian animals. A 1991 law to keep domestic cats out of the way has already helped increase the lyrebird population. But there are still so many wild cats hunting defenseless Australian animals that the problem of peaceful coexistence, for example, kangaroos and cats, is still in question.

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What Happens After You Pet A Cat?

Sense in the cat world plays the same role as sight plays in our world. Cats’ exceptional sense of smell makes them wash thoroughly after you pet her. When you touch the cat, the sweat glands on your hands transmit your scent to her, drowning out her own, even if your cat likes to be stroked, she does not really like to “smell the wrong way she will not feel comfortable until then, until she licks herself thoroughly, but who knows, maybe she licks herself so thoroughly because she likes your scent?

Cats are owners who know their property very well. The size of the territory that a cat considers to be its property depends on where you live, how you feed it, your cat or your cat. The territory that the cat considers assigned to his person is ten times the territory that belongs to the cat. In the village, the cat that lives with the owner can hunt, develop new land and, as a result, claim 60 hectares of land, while cats spread their influence over an average of 6 hectares. The territory of wild cats is the most extensive: up to 70 hectares. But the ambitions of urban cats are not so great. Animals living in overcrowded cities find it possible never to leave an area 80-100 m around their home. The city cat defines the boundaries of its lands according to the size of your yard. Scientists have found

Males are not inclined to share their territory with other males because their “possession” includes the territory of several females. This allows the cats to “Control each of the harem’s concubines.” Despite this, there are also “neutral” bands in the cat world, where animals do not conflict.

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Why Do Cats Purr?

Nobody knows for sure what makes a cat purr. Some scientists believe that this sound comes from additional vocal cords, which are a bundle of membranes located next to the actual vocal cords. Other researchers believe that the purring is due to the vibrations of a special apparatus – a series of small bones that connect the cat’s skull to the larynx and support the tongue. Still, others insist that the cat is purring due to high blood pressure. And finally, according to the latter, the purring sound comes from the larynx when the cat’s mouth is closed. Although the reason for this phenomenon has not yet been explained, purring is the most pleasant sound that can be heard from animals. However, cat owners should be aware that animals do not purr only when they are happy. In fact, they can purr in different situations, even when they are in pain or scared. By purring, for example, a cat may try to calm down other hostile animals.

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