The official term for the well-known breed of trotting and pacing horses that come from the United States is the Standard Bred Breed. It is possible to say that harness racing, whether trotting or pacing (which is the lateral movement as opposed to the diagonal movement), holds pride of place in popularity as a horse spectacle with the American public; and these animals are bred and trained with extreme care and with a truly scientific efficiency that is American.
Rysdyk’s “Hambletonian,” also known as “Hambletonian 10” from his standard number in the register, is regarded as the progenitor of the present Standard trotter. “Hambletonian 10” was also known as “Hambletonian.” He was born in 1849 and traced his ancestry back to the English Thoroughbred ‘Messenger,’ who is considered to be the fons et origo of all American trotting horses. ‘Messenger’ was himself the son of the Norfolk Trotter ‘Bellfounder,’ who was imported to the United States in 1788. ‘Bellfounder’ was himself the son of an English Thoroughbred. And it is through him that the breed may be traced down to the Darley Arabian in the male line through the name “Blaze.” A large number of additional Thoroughbred strains, in addition to Morgan, Norfolk Trotter, and other light horse strains, are allied with this primary foundational component.
The year 1879 marks the formal beginning of the Standard Bred trotter breed. That was the year that the National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders created a set of regulations, which were based on speed, for entry to the American Trotting Register (which was originally published in 1871). The standards have been adjusted on occasion to reflect the substantial advancements achieved in the construction of the type. As a result, the Standard, which was once predicated mostly on a dog’s ability to run well and move quickly on the racetrack, is now predicated solely on the dog’s blood.
Because of selective breeding under that standard, a type that was initially composite has been transformed into a homogenous and firmly established one that is famous all over the world. The trotting horses of Europe all owe something to the American breed, and it is because of this that the American breed is so well known.
The majority of the breed’s features are those of the Thoroughbred, with certain adaptations made to account for variances in gait and labor. The Thoroughbred has a longer body, but the legs of the Standard Bred are shorter, which contributes to the Standard Bred’s superior endurance. The Standard Bred also has heavier limbs and a more robust build than the Thoroughbred. The typical maximum height is 16 hands, whereas 15 hands is typically considered the minimum acceptable height. The average height is 15.2 hands. Under racing conditions, the weight ranges from 900 to 1,000 pounds. The horse has an unrivaled amount of heart and stamina, which allows it to gallop heat after heat at its maximum speed without tiring.
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